Who is an NRI , PIO and foreign national?

People all over the world migrate from their country of origin to other places, for work or business. Indians are no exceptions to this migration. A person of Indian origin having Indian citizenship, when migrates to a foreign country and resides there for more then six months is called or termed as non resident indian, since he does not reside in india.

In simple terms the person may reside outside India but still holds Indian citizenship. Holding of Indian citizenship is a must to be called as NRI.  Apart from NRI, the other possible status is that of PIO and Foreign National.

Listed below are details how each category is defined.

NRI – Non Resident Indian:

  • A citizen of India (holding a valid passport issued by Govt. of India) and temporarily residing in the country of his/her present residence.

PIO – Person of Indian Origin:

Person of Indian Origin means a citizen of any country other than Bangladesh or Pakistan, if

  • He at any time held Indian passport; or
  • He or either of his parents or grandparents was a citizen of India by virtue of the Constitution of India or the Citizenship Act, 1955 (57 of 1955); or
  • The person is a spouse of an Indian citizen or a person referred to in above two sub-clauses

Foreign national:

  • A citizen of a foreign country based in India.

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